Playing with fire: Experts offer their top tips for working with wood-fired pizza ovens

From dough preparation to finishing flourishes, a wood-fired oven demands more knowledge and expertise than a modern oven.




 

Wood-fired ovens: They may be the most primitive way for man to cook his food, so it’s likely no coincidence that they can give the most mouthwatering, customizable results and offer incredible versatility, creating amazing outcomes on everything from pizzas and breads to vegetable sides, pasta mains and meat-based entrees.

“Before working with wood-fired ovens, we should first identify some of the benefits and reasons for using these types,” notes Oluwakemi Oladipo, an event planner with Annie’s Scrumpchies Events Company in Lagos, Nigeria. “For me, the most important factor is the unique flavor they give your food, and they also help to preserve most of your added ingredients and increase the retention of nutrients. Plus, these ovens can be used for various purposes, such as baking bread, roasting meat and more—while saving energy because they don’t require electricity.”

But wood-fired ovens also demand more knowledge and expertise than a modern model, from painstaking dough production to fine-tuned finishing flourishes. Here, top wood-fired experts share their tips for ensuring the perfect fire-fueled bake.

“If you are not consistently using the same species, size and moisture content in your wood, it will make baking a pizza difficult.”
—Linda Black, Smokin’ Oak Wood-Fired Pizza

 

Linda Black

president and operations officer, Smokin’ Oak Wood-Fired Pizza, based in St. Petersburg, FL, with a location in Ames, IA

A consistent and excellently baked wood-fired pizza starts well before the pizza is launched into the oven. A wood-fired oven requires artistry and a keen eye on the technical details. It is not like a typical gas oven, where the only action needed is to flip a switch. A wood-fired oven requires constant focus and creating solid procedures for those running the oven. Here are our suggestions:

Consistent wood: Of course, wood is a big deal. If you are not consistently using the same species, size and moisture content in your wood, it will make baking a pizza difficult. If the wood is inconsistent, the person operating the oven must spend more time on correcting the oven temperature and holding it there rather than cooking the perfect pizza. Having consistent wood will help the oven operator focus on the bake.

The right dough. Not all dough recipes are created equal. Make sure your dough recipe is wood-fired-friendly. A recipe that works in a gas-fired oven will not translate to baking well in a wood-fired oven, since a wood-fired oven is several hundred degrees hotter and bakes pizzas in less than 90 seconds. An example of this would be the sugar content; sugar helps to brown a crust when baking in a gas oven, but in a wood-fired oven, sugar browns much more quickly on the exterior of the crust, which makes the pizza appear fully baked when in reality it isn’t.

By establishing proper procedures, employees can be quickly trained to operate a wood-fired oven. Photo courtesy Smokin’ Oak Wood-Fired Pizza.

 

Flame height: Most people don’t realize that no matter how hot your wood-fired oven is, if you don’t have a flame, the pizza won’t bake correctly. Usually, the bottom of the pizza will burn, while the top will still be uncooked. When the floor temperature and flame height are at the optimal temperature and height, you will get a consistent bake. Always measure (and keep a log) to monitor what is working and isn’t working regarding the flame height. Once you find that optimal flame height, document it and develop an appropriate procedure for the oven operators.

Training and procedures: Solid training and procedures must be in place. It does not have to take months to train a very good oven operator. Take away the chance of any potential inconsistencies, and employees can focus on what’s really important, which is to get the perfect bake every time. Have a procedure for starting the fire, what time to start the fire, how much wood to use, the size of the wood, and the markers of where your temperature should be at certain times. Also make sure to let your oven cool down before you start cooking pizzas for customers. You shouldn’t go from a full-on firing of the oven to cooking pizzas; give the oven some time to calm down from the firing!

Customers at Smokin’ Oak Wood-Fired Pizza are privy to all the wood-burning action, thanks to the pizzeria’s open kitchen.

 

Oluwakemi Oladipo

event planner, Annie’s Scrumpchies Events Company, Lagos, Nigeria 

Heat regulation is key. These ovens don’t have any knobs or buttons, so operators must have a unique technique to maintain the right temperature so you don’t burn your food—or turn it to complete ash! I prefer to use what I call the add/withdrawal method to achieve this. Simply put, I just keep adding wood until I achieve the desired temperature or withdraw the wood when things get too hot.

Ensure you have the right type of wood. I use kiln-dried wood, which should be chopped into the right size; I prefer them to be about 9” to 10” long, with thickness of about 2” to 4”. Other accessories to have in handy include protective gloves, a thermometer and a natural fire lighter (you could even use newspaper in a pinch!).

Here’s another thing you want to take note of: Observe how the fire is distributed in the oven. You need to know this because you may have to move the food around a bit to achieve a uniform bake or crust. And don’t forget that the wood should be a little bit spaced out to allow the air to aid combustion.

Malawi’s Pizza doesn’t just serve up famously delicious wood-fired pies. For every meal an American customer buys, the company donates a nutritious meal to children in the African nation of Malawi.

 

“Maintaining an even temperature within the core of the oven’s deck and within the ambient dome of the oven is key to producing perfectly prepared pizzas.”
—Kent Andersen, Malawi’s Pizza

 

Kent Andersen

executive chef, Malawi’s Pizza, Provo, UT, with locations in Virginia, Texas and Utah

The essential element for perfectly cooked pizzas in a wood-fired oven is maintaining even temperature throughout the oven. Maintaining an even temperature within the core of the oven’s deck and within the ambient dome of the oven is key to producing perfectly prepared pizzas. Oftentimes, the difference in the deck temperature and the dome temperature within a wood-fired oven can vary several hundred degrees, resulting in pizzas that are unevenly cooked.

At Malawi’s Pizza, we use a combination of wood and gas to create steady, even heat in the dome and on the deck of our pizza ovens. The optimal internal temperature of our pizza deck is about 480°. At this internal temperature of the pizza deck, the temperature of the ambient dome of the oven is about 760°. Our pizzas spend between 90 to 100 seconds in the oven. 

In addition to maintaining the perfect temperature, it’s equally important that the pizza be specifically formulated for the oven that you are using. The key components to formulate are the pizza crust and the cheeses used in the creation of your pizzas. The moisture content in your cheeses will brown differently at different temperatures and in different ovens. Developing even browning of your crust, the toppings, and cheese on your pizzas requires carefully engineering the time, the temperature, and the ingredients you use. There is definitely an art in the development of gourmet pizzas prepared in a wood-fired oven!  

Tracy Morin is PMQ’s senior copy editor.

 

Edit Module

Tell us what you think at or email.

Edit Module
Edit ModuleShow Tags
Edit ModuleShow Tags

Related Articles

Should You Be Buying New Equipment Before the Tax Year Ends?

Mike Rassmussen breaks down the do's and don'ts of equipment purchases prior to December 31.

Chef's Corner | Shawn Randazzo Explains His Philosophy Behind Detroit-Style Pizza

Shawn Randazzo, master of the Motor City pizza, teaches you all you need to know about Detroit-style pies so you don’t have to hear it through the grapevine.

December 2018: The 2019 Pizza Power Report and more!

Detroit-style pizza, cheese trends, chicken wings and more marketing tips.

Quick-Fire Questions with The Dough Doctor

Tom “The Dough Doctor” Lehmann provides rapid-fire responses to operators’ minor dilemmas.

Make Your Wing Sales Soar With These Insights From Operators

Chefs report on the hottest flavor trends and innovative cooking techniques for pizza’s best companion: the chicken wing.

The Best Local Marketing to Find You Long-Term Pizza Customers

What cheese trends are taking off in restaurants across the country? Experts and operators weigh in.

Your restaurant should be making the most out of your cheese choices.

Detroit-Style Is Motown's Favorite Pizza

Airy dough, crispy crust and signature caramelized cheese makes Detroit-style pizza an instant winner on any pizza lover’s list.

The 2019 Pizza Power Report: A State-of-the-Industry Analysis

To stay competitive in the pizza business in 2019, independents will have to meet customers’ growing demand for speed, customization, delivery and convenience.

How to make the most of your mozz

A staple at every pizzeria, mozzarella shines for its versatility in everything from apps and salads to pizza and pasta.
Edit ModuleShow Tags
Edit ModuleShow Tags
Edit Module
Edit Module
Edit ModuleShow Tags
Edit ModuleShow Tags
Edit Module
Edit ModuleShow Tags
Edit ModuleShow Tags